Home 2018 - Volume 18 (2) MENTAL HEALTH CARE IN JAPAN: BALANCING CARE IN HOSPITALS AND IN THE COMMUNITY
MENTAL HEALTH CARE IN JAPAN: BALANCING CARE IN HOSPITALS AND IN THE COMMUNITY PDF Print E-mail
Wednesday, 12 December 2018 13:24

 

*Sayo Hattori1, Atsuro Tsutsumi2, Munehito Machida1 and Graham Thornicroft3

1 Department of Global Health, Graduate School of Medicine, Kanazawa University, 13-1 Takara-machi, Kanazawa-city, Ishikawa, 9208640, Japan

2 Organization of Global Affairs, Kanazawa University, Kakuma-machi, Kanazawa-city, Ishikawa, 9201192, Japan

3 Centre for Global Mental Health, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King’s College London, 16 De Crespigny Park, London SE5     8AF, United Kingdom

*Corresponding author: Sayo Hattori

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ABSTRACT

In Japan, the number of people with mental illness, especially depression and dementia, is growing. Although mental health care in Japan is in its transition phase from traditional hospital-based care to community-based in the recent decades, it has been characterized by orientation to large psychiatric institutions.  This paper aims to provide recommendations for achieving well-balanced mental health care both in hospital and the community in Japan by reviewing facilitators and barriers of current mental health care system. A narrative literature review was conducted to identify facilitators and barriers to implementing community-based mental health care in Japan.  The databases PsycInfo, Medline, Pubmed, CiNii and Google Scholar were searched in English and Japanese. 46 studies published from 1980 to 2016 were included in the review. The review identified six categories of mental health care services provided in the Japanese community: Outpatient clinics, Outreach services, Rehabilitation and Living support, Case management and public health centers, Community-based residential care, and Work and Occupation. The crosscutting themes of facilitators and barriers to implement these services in the community were funding, staff management, and collaboration among community resources. To further promote the transition to community mental health care in Japan, this paper recommends the following actions: to shift funding and human resources from inpatient to community care services, to strengthen a capacity building system and supportive environment for service providers in the community, and to set a clear policy and strategic framework integrating medical and social welfare services in the community.

Keywords: Mental health services, mental health care system, community mental health care, Mental disorders, Japan

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Last Updated on Wednesday, 12 December 2018 13:26
 

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ISSN No : 1675-0306
e-ISSN No : 2590-3829

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