Home 2017 - Volume 17 (1) REVIEW OF OCULAR INJURIES IN MALAYSIA
REVIEW OF OCULAR INJURIES IN MALAYSIA PDF Print E-mail
Saturday, 06 May 2017 17:45

Thanigasalam Thevi1 and Sagili Chandrasekhara Reddy2

1Department of Ophthalmology, Hospital Melaka, Melaka, Malaysia.

2Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine and Defence Health, National Defence University of Malaysia, Kem Sungai Besi, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Corresponding author:

Dr. T. Thevi, Department of Ophthalmology, Hospital Melaka, 75400 Melaka, Malaysia.

Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

ABSTRACT

Ocular injuries or trauma to the eye can be caused by variety of objects resulting in a spectrum of lesions in the eye. We did a Pubmed/Google/Science Direct search to review the spectrum of ocular injuries in Malaysia. In our review, we included 28 papers providing information on ocular injuries which were published from Malaysia during the period 1991-2016 in different medical journals. Prevalence was more among males with an average age of 35 years. Among adults they were more common in the workplace but in children it occurred at home. Few wore protective glasses at work. The mode of injury was due to sharp objects hitting the eye, motor vehicle and domestic accidents, firecrackers, chemicals and rarer causes like superglue and durian fruit.  Prognostic factors for outcome were the initial visual acuity, length of the wound, associated factors like hyphaema, intraocular foreign body and vitreous prolapse. Missing the diagnosis of perforation of the eyeball is possible without eliciting a proper history. Protective devices must be worn to prevent injuries. Display of health education charts showing the effect of injuries in the eye and their preventive measures in health centres, private hospitals, schools, factories and sports centres will increase the awareness of public about the ocular injuries. It is important to diagnose the tissues involved in ocular trauma by the general practitioners and primary care physicians and refer the patients to the Ophthalmologist urgently for treatment to salvage vision. Compensation mechanisms should then be put forth in terms of rehabilitation and for monetary loss.

Keywords: Ocular injury, blunt injury of eye, perforating injury of eye, chemical injury of eye.

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Last Updated on Thursday, 11 May 2017 16:43
 

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ISSN No : 1675-0306
e-ISSN No : 2590-3829

"This is an Open Access Journal"

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