Home 2016 - Volume 16 (1) OCCUPATIONAL STRESS AND ITS ASSOCIATED FACTORS AMONG ACADEMICIAN IN A RESEARCH UNIVERSITY, MALAYSIA
OCCUPATIONAL STRESS AND ITS ASSOCIATED FACTORS AMONG ACADEMICIAN IN A RESEARCH UNIVERSITY, MALAYSIA PDF Print E-mail
Thursday, 18 February 2016 22:39

Noor Hassim Ismail1 and Arma Noor1,2

1Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre, Jalan Yaacob Latiff, Bandar Tun Razak,56000 Cheras, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

2Universiti Health Centre, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43000 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

ABSTRACT

The prevalence of occupational stress among academician is increasing in developed and developing countries. The job is not only to teach, but also involve in doing research, publications, consultation and administrative work. This study aims to assess the prevalence of occupational stress among academic staff in a research university and to investigate the association and correlation between stress and job factors which are career development, research, teaching and interpersonal relationship. One research university in Malaysia was selected randomly. A cross-sectional study was conducted and the respondents were recruited by using a randomized stratified sampling method. A total of 380 self-administered and validated Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale-21 (DASS-21) and Stress Sources Questionnaires (SSQ) were distributed among academic staff between March to May 2012. The statistical analyses used were χ2, independent–t test and Pearson Correlation. Response rate was 81.1%. Stress prevalence was 22.1%. All socio-demographic factors showed no association with stress except ethnic group. Teaching, research and career development had significant association with stress among academic staff (p<0.05). Overall result showed career development, that include university condition and required publications for promotion were the greatest source of stress among the academicians. Occupational stress showed positive linear relationship to career development, research and teaching. There was a fair positive relationship between occupational stress and career development, research and teaching. It is recommended to organize continuous stress assessment program to identify and evaluate the current level of stress at the university level. This data could be a foundation for implementing prevention and control measures to reduce stress in the workplace.

Keywords: academic staff, lecturer, occupational stress, research, teaching, career development, interpersonal relationship, research university, job stress

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Last Updated on Thursday, 11 May 2017 12:35
 

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ISSN No : 1675-0306
e-ISSN No : 2590-3829

"This is an Open Access Journal"

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