Home 2016 - Volume 16 (Suppl. 2) PSYCHOPHYSICAL AND PHYSIOLOGICAL STUDY OF ASYMMETRIC LIFTING AND LOWERING TASK FOR MALAYSIAN MALES
PSYCHOPHYSICAL AND PHYSIOLOGICAL STUDY OF ASYMMETRIC LIFTING AND LOWERING TASK FOR MALAYSIAN MALES PDF Print E-mail
Wednesday, 10 February 2016 22:49

Mirta Widia, Siti Zawiah Md Dawal and Nukman Yusoff

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty Engineering, University of Malaya, 50603, Lembah Pantai, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

ABSTRACT

Extensive research has been carried out over the years to determine the maximum acceptable weight that a worker is capable of lifting in a given situation among the Occidental populations in the Europe and US. At present, there is a scarcity of studies in which lifting frequency is used as the measuring variable, especially in developing countries such as Malaysia. Therefore, the objective of this study is to determine the effects of lifting loads on the maximum acceptable frequency limit (MAFL), physiological response (muscle activity) and rating of perceived exertion (RPE) for asymmetric lifting and lowering tasks of Malaysian males.Ten male subjects are recruited in this study and they perform asymmetric lifting and lowering tasks repetitively for 30 minutes. Two lifting loads are considered (1) 1 kg and (2) 5 kg. Each of the subjects adjusts his frequency of lifting using a psychophysical approach. The subjects are instructed to perform the lifting and lowering task as fast as they could over duration of 30 minutes without exhausting themselves or becoming overheated. Electromyography (EMG) signals are recorded from four muscles (Right Erector Spinae (RES), Left Erector Spinae (LES), Right Trapezius p Descendenz (RTD) and Left Trapezius p Descendenz (LTD) and analysed in terms of the normalized MVC during asymmetric lifting and lowering tasks. The ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) for four body parts (arms, lower back, shoulders and entire body) are also collected after the subjects have completed the lifting and lowering task. The mean frequency of the lifting and lowering task obtained from the experiment is 13.41 and 9.66 times/minute for a lifting load of 1 and 5 kg, respectively. The results of the independent sample t-test show that load has a statistically significant effect on the maximum acceptable frequency limit (p < 0.05). However, it is found that even though there is an increase in muscle activity and RPE with an increase in lifting load, there is no significant difference in the overall mean muscle activity and RPE (p > 0.05). The percentage decrease in the maximum acceptable frequency for Malaysian males is higher than the Occidental populations for both of the loads investigated in this study.

Keywords: Lifting and lowering task; load; frequency; psychophysical; physiological Malaysian male

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Last Updated on Thursday, 24 March 2016 15:06
 

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ISSN No : 1675-0306
e-ISSN No : 2590-3829

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