Home 2015 - Volume 15 (1) INFLUENCING FACTORS FOR CHOLERA AND DIARRHOEA: WATER SANITATION AND HYGIENE IN IMPOVERISHED RURAL VILLAGES OF BELURAN DISTRICT, SABAH MALAYSIA
INFLUENCING FACTORS FOR CHOLERA AND DIARRHOEA: WATER SANITATION AND HYGIENE IN IMPOVERISHED RURAL VILLAGES OF BELURAN DISTRICT, SABAH MALAYSIA PDF Print E-mail
Wednesday, 15 April 2015 12:30

Thant Zin1, Tin SabaiAung2, Sahipudin Saupin3, Than Myint4, Daw KhinSN1, Meiji Soe Aung2, Shamsul B. S.5

1 Community and Family Medicine Department, School of Medicine, University Malaysia Sabah, 88400 UMS Road, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia

2 Department of Pathobiology and Diagnostic, School of Medicine, University Malaysia Sabah, Malaysia, 88400 UMS Road, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia

3 Beluran Area Health Office, Ministry of Health, P.O. Box 86, 90108 Beluran, Sabah, Malaysia.

4 Rural Medicine Research Unit, School of Medicine, University Malaysia Sabah, 88400 UMS Road, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia

5 Occupational Safety and Health Center, University Malaysia Sabah, 88400 UMS Road, Kotakinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia, 88400 UMS Road, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia

ABSTRACT

The lower percentage of water, sanitation and hygiene are the root causes of diarrhoea and cholera. Cholera is a sudden onset of acute watery diarrhoea which can progress to severe dehydration and death if untreated. The current pandemic, Vibrio Cholera O1 started in 1961. This study explores water, sanitation, hygiene and cholera and diarrhoea in three affected villages of Beluran District, Sabah Malaysia to support effective and timely public health intervention. This cross sectional study uses purposive sampling. All (114) households were interviewed and household water samples collected. The study reported lower coverage improved sanitation facilities (35.3% to 52.3%), no latrine at home (37% to 63%), improved water supply (52% to 60%), and prevalence of hand washing after toilet (57% - 74%). For water quality, Ecoli was present in household water (32% to 37%) but Vibrio cholerae was not isolated in any of the water samples tested. Statistically significant associations were found for; 1) occupation−non-agriculture and unimproved sanitation facility and 2) house ownership and correct knowledge of ORS preparation. Predictors for household water quality were: latrine at home, and improved household toilet. Aggressive strategies to improve water supply, sanitation and hygiene−hand washing after toilet−were recommended for future prevention of cholera and diarrhoea in the affected area.

Keywords: cholera and diarrhoea, health, water, sanitation and hygiene

Full text (PDF)

Last Updated on Wednesday, 15 April 2015 12:32
 

Highlight

ISSN No : 1675-0306
e-ISSN No : 2590-3829

"This is an Open Access Journal"

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Indexed By

Sample imageSCImago Journal & Country Rank

Sample image

Visitor Counter

You are visitor number :-
mod_vvisit_countermod_vvisit_countermod_vvisit_countermod_vvisit_countermod_vvisit_countermod_vvisit_countermod_vvisit_counter
mod_vvisit_counterToday97
mod_vvisit_counterAll606387

Who's Online

We have 21 guests online