Home 2015 - Volume 15 (1) INCIDENCE OF PNEUMOCOCCAL MENINGITIS IN CHILDREN LESS THAN 5 YEARS AGE IN MALAYSIA, SINGAPORE AND THAILAND: A REVIEW
INCIDENCE OF PNEUMOCOCCAL MENINGITIS IN CHILDREN LESS THAN 5 YEARS AGE IN MALAYSIA, SINGAPORE AND THAILAND: A REVIEW PDF Print E-mail
Wednesday, 15 April 2015 12:28

Namaitijiang Maimaiti1, Masoud Lotfizadeh2, Zafar Ahmed3, Azam Rahimi4, Saad Ali Jadoo3, Syed Aljunid3

1United Nations University, International Institute for Global Health,

2 Department of Community Health, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Iran

3 International Centre for Casemix and Clinical Coding (ITCC), UKM Medical Center

4Iran social security organization, Shohada Kargar Hospital

ABSTRACT

Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus) is the most common cause of community-acquired pneumonia, meningitis, and bacteremia in children and adults, including the elderly, and is responsible for high rates of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Aim of this paper to review published articles on incidence of pneumococcal meningitis in children less than 5 years of age in Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand, and compare the incidence of pneumococcal meningitis among the children in the three courtiers. Literature searches were conducted using google scholar, PubMed, the World Health Organization (WHO) website of the Weekly Epidemiological Record, and the countries’ Ministry of Health (MOH) website, and were limited to articles written in English. All relevant publications/abstracts published/presented during the period December 2000 through March 2014. Searches were conducted from April 1, 2014, till July 11, 2014 using various combinations of the following search terms “ Pneumococcal diseases” OR “meningococcal” OR “pneumococcal meningitis” OR “meningococcus”. A total of five articles and abstracts described the incidence of pneumococcal meningitis among children 5 years old. These five documents include two conference abstracts from Malaysia, one published paper from Singapore and two published papers from Thailand. The Malaysian, Singaporean and Thai pneumococcal meningitis incidence rate was 3.8-8.6, 2.3 and 0.10-1.8 per 100,000 children respectively. Our review confirmed that the incidence rate of pneumococcal meningitis was vary among the countries. The highest incidence rate of pneumococcal meningitis was found in Malaysia followed by Singapore and Thailand.

Key words: Pneumococcal meningitis, Incidence rate, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand

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Last Updated on Friday, 25 December 2015 15:29
 

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ISSN No : 1675-0306
e-ISSN No : 2590-3829

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