Home 2014 - Volume 14(3) PHYSICAL AND PSYCHOSOCIAL IMPACTS OF PREGNANCY ON ADOLESCENTS AND THEIR COPING STRATEGIES: A DESCRIPTIVE STUDY IN KUALA LUMPUR, MALAYSIA
PHYSICAL AND PSYCHOSOCIAL IMPACTS OF PREGNANCY ON ADOLESCENTS AND THEIR COPING STRATEGIES: A DESCRIPTIVE STUDY IN KUALA LUMPUR, MALAYSIA PDF Print E-mail
Friday, 21 November 2014 15:36

Su Xu Vin1, Noor Azimah Muhammad2, Tan Pei Sun3, Kevin Tan Teck Meng4, Hizlinda Tohid2, Khairani Omar5

1Hospital Sibu, Batu 5 ½, Jalan Ulu Oya, 96000 Sibu, Sarawak, Malaysia

2Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, 14th Floor, Preclinical Building, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre, 56000 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

3Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre, 56000 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

4Hospital Umum Sarawak, Jalan Hospital, 93586 Kuching, Sarawak

5Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine & Health Sciences, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia, 55100 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

ABSTRACT

Teenage pregnancy carries serious impacts on adolescent health. This study aimed to examine the effects of pregnancy on adolescents and to explore how they cope with the problems they faced during the pregnancy. It involved 26 adolescents residing in a government shelter home in Kuala Lumpur. A self-administered questionnaire containing a mixture of open- and closed-ended questions was used. Among physical (sleeping problem and self-care problem), psychological (emotional difficulties and low self-efficacy) and social (stigma and discrimination, financial difficulty, friendship problem and school dropout) problems, emotional difficulties were the most common problems, whereas stigma and discrimination was the least common. Young adolescents aged less than 16 years old were significantly associated with poor self-care (p=0.01). To cope with their problems, the adolescents generally used avoidance, withdrawal, and social support, particularly from parents and peers. Doctors were the least popular among all. In conclusion, holistic and individualised care is needed. Strategies to reduce emotional problem experienced by pregnant adolescents should be implemented. The available healthcare services for teenage pregnancy should also be promoted.

Keywords: adolescent, pregnancy, impacts, emotional problem, stigma, discrimination, coping.

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Last Updated on Friday, 21 November 2014 15:39
 

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ISSN No : 1675-0306
e-ISSN No : 2590-3829

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