Home 2014 - Volume 14(2) RELIABILITY AND VALIDITY TESTING OF THE HEALTHCARE PROVIDER-PATIENT COMMUNICATION INSTRUMENT: A PILOT STUDY IN A MALAYSIAN PRIMARY CARE SETTING
RELIABILITY AND VALIDITY TESTING OF THE HEALTHCARE PROVIDER-PATIENT COMMUNICATION INSTRUMENT: A PILOT STUDY IN A MALAYSIAN PRIMARY CARE SETTING PDF Print E-mail
Friday, 08 August 2014 15:12

Nor Azmaniza A1, Shamsuddin K2, Aazami S2

1 Faculty of Business Management, Universiti Teknologi MARA

2 Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre

ABSTRACT

There is a growing interest in research on satisfaction with healthcare provider (HCP) and HCP- patient communication as a measure of healthcare quality of HCP’s communication competency. However, many communication assessments were not comprehensive measures and are not entirely accurate in measuring what is supposed to be measured. This study aimed at assessing the validity and reliability of a newly developed HCP-PC instrument in a Malaysian primary care setting. The HCP-PC instrument was developed using items adapted from existing instruments as well as self-developed items. A pilot study involving 277 clients of an outpatient clinic was conducted in HKL using the proposed instrument which was distributed immediately after face to face consultation. The content validity and Cronbach alpha reliability were assessed. Factor analysis constructed 3 components, exchanging information (EI), socioemotional behaviour (SB) and communication style (CS). All items loaded on the corresponding component with factor loading ≥0.6, suggesting that all items in the respective component are measuring the same direction. PCA of the final 30 items explain 61.98% of the total variance with 6.66%, 47.18% and 8.13% explained by EI, SB and CS respectively. Component-based reliability show strong internal consistency with Cronbach alpha, αEI= 0.92, αSB= 0.96 and αCS= 0.70. The pilot study supported the instrument validity and reliability after initial tests. However, further study needs to be done to confirm its construct validity to help establish a valid and reliable HCP-PC instrument for measuring patient satisfaction with HCP-PC that can be used in primary care setting.

Keywords: reliability, communication, Malaysia, primary health care

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Last Updated on Tuesday, 07 October 2014 12:12
 

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ISSN No : 1675-0306
e-ISSN No : 2590-3829

"This is an Open Access Journal"

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

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