Home 2012 - Volume 12(2) Knowledge, Attitude And Practice About HIV/AIDS And Its Influencing Factors Among Pregnant Mothers In West Of Sabah, Malaysia
Knowledge, Attitude And Practice About HIV/AIDS And Its Influencing Factors Among Pregnant Mothers In West Of Sabah, Malaysia PDF Print E-mail
Wednesday, 30 January 2013 09:10

Sharifa Ezat WP, Mohammad J, Jamsiah M, Bastaman B, Norfazilah A

ABSTRACT

Pregnant women are at higher risk of transmitting the infections to their foetus. This prompted the “Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT) Program” in Malaysia since 1998. The objective of this cross sectional study was to determine the knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) of pregnant mothers in the west of Sabah towards HIV/AIDS and its influencing factors. Data were obtained through self administered questionnaires. Results showed that only 32.2% of the respondents have good knowledge compared to 67.8% who had poor knowledge (p <0.001) of HIV/AIDS. Majority of them (56.4%) have good attitude and practice towards HIV/AIDS compared to the remaining poor attitude and practice respondent (44.4%) (p<0.001). Radio/TV (90.2%) and reading materials (83.9%) were the main sources of obtaining information. Main influencing factors for having good knowledge towards HIV/AIDS were women aged < 30 years old, have high education, who perceived on having good knowledge towards HIV/AIDS and received health education from health staffs. Mean while, influencing factors for having good attitude and practice towards HIV/AIDS were women having high education and received health education from health staffs. Therefore, implementation of PMCTC must be reviewed regularly to ensure the program reach its targets.

Key words: HIV/AIDS, mother to child transmission, knowledge, attitude and practice, influencing   factors, Malaysia.

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Last Updated on Wednesday, 30 January 2013 10:19
 

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ISSN No : 1675-0306
e-ISSN No : 2590-3829

"This is an Open Access Journal"

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

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