Home 2012 - Volume 12(1) Approaches And Future Direction Of Social Security System: Malaysian Perspective
Approaches And Future Direction Of Social Security System: Malaysian Perspective PDF Print E-mail
Monday, 30 July 2012 10:04

Rohaizat BY, Hassan MONM, Davis J

ABSTRACT

Social security traditionally means a social insurance program providing social protection, or protection against socially recognized conditions, including poverty, old age, disability, unemployment and others. It also hovers around the subject of social insurance, where people receive benefits or services in recognition of contributions to an insurance scheme. Providing services for medical care, aspects of social work and even industrial relations may be included as part of social security services. Lately, the term is also used to refer to basic security, a term roughly equivalent to access to basic necessities. The 1 World Conference on Social Security organised by the Brazilian Government on 1st to 5th of December 2010 stimulates the countries to adopt universal, comprehensive and equitable social security systems as a valid, ethical and feasible option in the process of national reforms and regional integration. The main challenge to achieving the noble objective of universal social security system is financial sustainability and social cohesion supported by political will. As seen in a number of countries, Malaysia has a mixed social security schemes comprising state and private schemes, statutory obligatory requirements on the part of employers as well as state social assistance programmes. Maintaining the quality of life of the individuals and their dependents has become the primary focus of policies and programmes in providing social security. Among the critical pressures on the population’s standard of living is the provision of health care. Extension of the coverage for social security is critical in ensuring social inclusion.

Key words: Social security, universal system, Malaysian perspective.

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Last Updated on Monday, 30 July 2012 10:11
 

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ISSN No : 1675-0306
e-ISSN No : 2590-3829

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