Home 2010 - Volume 10(2) Unmet Needs for Contraception in Married Women in a Tribal Area of India
Unmet Needs for Contraception in Married Women in a Tribal Area of India PDF Print E-mail
Saturday, 29 January 2011 20:52

Sapna S.Patil, Abdul Rashid K, KA Narayan 


Background and Objectives:  Unmet need for contraception is the gap between women's reproductive intentions and their contraceptive behavior.  This community based interventional study was carried out to determine the unmet needs for contraception, the reasons for this and to assess the impact of interventional measures on acceptance of contraception. Subjects and Methods:  This study was conducted in 52 villages in the state of Maharashtra, India, among 363 married women selected by cluster sampling. Data was collected using an interview guide. An intervention was done for the women who had an unmet need and an assessment of the change was done subsequently. Data was analyzed by using SPSS. Results The prevalence of contraceptive usage was 59.2% and the prevalence of unmet need for contraception was 44% (160).  The unmet need for spacing births was 53.8%, 38.7% for limiting births and 7.5% women were dissatisfied with the current contraceptive method. The reasons ranged from side effects to contraceptives to source of obtaining contraceptives. Age of the respondents, education and number of living children showed statistically significant association with unmet needs. Post intervention, the contraceptive prevalence rate increased significantly  85.7% and there was a significant reduction in the unmet needs for spacing and limiting births, equally there was a significant reduction of dissatisfaction with using contraception. Conclusion: Improvement in the use of contraception and addressing the unmet need for contraception requires community involvement and ongoing, sustained efforts by health workers to ensure quality care to the beneficiaries.


Key words: Unmet need, contraceptive prevalence, intervention

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Last Updated on Sunday, 13 February 2011 03:55


ISSN No : 1675-0306
e-ISSN No : 2590-3829

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