Home 2018 - Volume 18 (1) PREDICTORS FOR INADEQUATE KNOWLEDGE AND NEGATIVE ATTITUDE TOWARDS CHILDHOOD IMMUNIZATION AMONG PARENTS IN HULU LANGAT, SELANGOR, MALAYSIA
PREDICTORS FOR INADEQUATE KNOWLEDGE AND NEGATIVE ATTITUDE TOWARDS CHILDHOOD IMMUNIZATION AMONG PARENTS IN HULU LANGAT, SELANGOR, MALAYSIA PDF Print E-mail
Thursday, 24 May 2018 10:23

Azreena Che Abdullah1, Nor Afiah M.Z.2 and Rosliza A.M2

1MPH Candidate, Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia.

2Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia.

CORRESPONDING AUTHOR:

Nor Afiah binti Mohd Zulkefli

Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

ABSTRACT

Vaccine hesitancy among parents has led to re-emergence of vaccine preventable diseases. In Malaysia, measles cases had increased by three times in 2015 compared to previous year. Immunization coverage has always been above 95% since 2009. However, in 2014, Mumps-Measles-Rubella (MMR) coverage has a significant drop to 93.4%. The aim of the study was to identify predictors for inadequate knowledge and negative attitude towards childhood immunization among parents in Hulu Langat, Selangor. A cross sectional study design was conducted from January to July 2016 with 760 respondents. Respondents were selected by cluster random sampling and a validated self-administered questionnaire was used. The majority of respondents were female (70%), Malay (87%), employed (92%) and parents with tertiary education (99.7%). In this study, 12.8% parents have an inadequate knowledge on childhood immunization and 47.6% parents have a negative attitude towards childhood immunization. The predictors for inadequate knowledge on childhood immunizations were last child’s age of 2 years old or more (AOR=1.413 95% CI 0.28-0.69); parents without tertiary education (AOR=2.02 95% CI 1.15-3.54); parents without educational exposure on childhood immunization (AOR=2.87 95% CI 1.59-5.18) and parents who obtained information on childhood immunization from non-healthcare provider (AOR=2.66 95% CI 1.50-4.70). Predictors for negative attitude on childhood immunizations were being male (AOR=1.44 95% CI 1.04-2.01); parents without tertiary education (AOR=1.67 95% CI 1.04-2.68); household income of less than RM5000 (AOR=1.85 95% CI 1.28-2.67) and unsatisfactory religious belief (AOR=2.76 95% CI 2.03-3.75). Therefore, these predictors should be considered in any health intervention on childhood immunizations for parents in Malaysia.

Keywords: Childhood immunizations, Parents, Knowledge, Attitude, Predictors, Malaysia

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Last Updated on Thursday, 24 May 2018 10:27