Home 2017 - Volume 17 (3) THE SECOND-HAND SMOKE IN PREGNANCY AND ITS IMPACT TOWARD LOW BIRTH WEIGHT IN DISTRICT OF ACEH BESAR, ACEH PROVINCE, INDONESIA
THE SECOND-HAND SMOKE IN PREGNANCY AND ITS IMPACT TOWARD LOW BIRTH WEIGHT IN DISTRICT OF ACEH BESAR, ACEH PROVINCE, INDONESIA PDF Print E-mail
Wednesday, 03 January 2018 21:41

Ampera Miko1 and Satrinawati Berkat2

1Department of Nutrition, Health Polytechnic of Aceh, Aceh Province, Indonesia

2Department of Midwifery, Health Polytechnic of Aceh, Aceh Province, Indonesia

Corresponding Author:

Ampera Miko

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ABSTRACT

Smoking does not only endangers the smokers themselves but will also harm the people around them. These are the non-smokers also called the passive smokers or second-hand smoke.In particular pregnant women who are the second-hand smoke can lead low birth weight (LBW) babies. This study aims to determine the impact of second- hand smoke in pregnancy toward LBW   in the district of Aceh Besar in 2016. A case control study was done in district of Aceh Besar, Aceh province, Indonesia. The total sample was 120 neonates (1:1), 60 neonates were LBW (cases) and 60 neonates were normal weight (controls). Data collection was doneusing a questionnaire filled in by the parents. The univariate analysiswas described with percentages and the Wald-Wolfowithz run test was used for the bivariate analysis. The results showed that the majority of mothers had a good knowledge about the dangers of smoking, ie 91 or 75.8%. Most of the mothers had positive attitudes for male smokers. The smoking men are considered normal and acceptable, consisting of 73 mothers or 60.8%.  All the mothers in this study were non-smokers (100.0%). The majority of the fathers were smokers, 88   or   73.3%, and most of them smoked around their   pregnant wife, 55 fathers or 62.5%.  The results of the bivariate analysis indicated there was a significant impact of the second-hand smoke toward the LBW (P value <0.05). It means, mothers as a second-hand smoke during pregnancy have a risk to born the LBW baby

Keywords: second-hand smoke, pregnancy, low birth weight (LBW)

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Last Updated on Wednesday, 03 January 2018 22:02