Home 2017 - Volume 17 (2) DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION OF A QUESTIONNAIRE ON SOCIO-CULTURAL FACTORS AMONG THE ORANG ASLI AND GENERAL POPULATION IN SELANGOR
DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION OF A QUESTIONNAIRE ON SOCIO-CULTURAL FACTORS AMONG THE ORANG ASLI AND GENERAL POPULATION IN SELANGOR PDF Print E-mail
Tuesday, 19 September 2017 10:44

Aniza I, Norhayati M and Norfazilah A

Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine UKM, JalanYaacobLatiff 56000,Cheras, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

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Norhayati Mokhtar

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ABSTRACT

Cultural attitudes of the societies have long been identified as one of the important determinants of Quality of Life (QoL). Yet there is a dearth of socio-culturally validated instruments for local population to assess the impact of socio-cultural practice on health. The aim of this validation study is to develop and test the validity and reliabilityof a questionnaire on culture dimensions.Respondents were asked about their engagement in socio-cultural aspects including beliefs and practice oftraditional customs and culture using a set of newly developed questionnaire.A total of 275eligible respondentsparticipatedwith150(54.5%)from the general population and 125 (45.5%)from the Orang Asli population. Kaiser-Meyer Olkin measure of Sampling Adequacy (KMO) was 0.791 and 0.677 for the general and Orang Asli population respectively. Bartlett’s test for both population was significant (p<0.001). By Principal Common Analysis, four factorswere extracted (Eigen values >1.0) that jointly accounted for 54.7% and 52.0% of the total variance among the general population and Orang Asli respectively.The Cronbach alpha value score was 0.785and 0.730 for the general population and Orang Asli population respectively. The Cronbach alpha values foreach of the four domains ranged from 0.477-0.865 and 0.543-0.758 for the general population and Orang Asli population respectively.These results suggest that the newly developed questionnaire appeared to have adequate validity and reliability in measuringsocio-cultural factors in the population.

Keywords:validity, reliability,general population & Orang Asli, cultural believe & practice

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Last Updated on Tuesday, 19 September 2017 10:48