Home 2017 - Volume 17 (2) CARDIORESPIRATORY FITNESS, PHYSICAL ACTIVITY LEVEL, BODY MASS INDEX AND BLOOD PRESSURE AMONG UNIVERSITY STUDENTS IN NEGERI SEMBILAN
CARDIORESPIRATORY FITNESS, PHYSICAL ACTIVITY LEVEL, BODY MASS INDEX AND BLOOD PRESSURE AMONG UNIVERSITY STUDENTS IN NEGERI SEMBILAN PDF Print E-mail
Tuesday, 19 September 2017 10:38

Thirumalaya Balaraman1, Vinodhkumar Ramalingam1, Punithakumar Ramasamy Kantharuban1, Jayesh Chandran1and Praveen Jayaprabha Surendran1

1Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, INTI International University, Nilai, Negeri Sembilan, 71800, Malaysia

Corresponding author:

Thirumalaya Balaraman

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ABSTRACT

Noncommunicable diseases are the number one killer globally and it could develop due to various risk factors. This cross-sectional study was aimed to identify these risk factors by assessing body mass index, waist circumference, waist to hip ratio and blood pressure and to find out the correlation between these risk factors, and cardiorespiratory fitness and physical activity level. The study samples were 103 students from two universities in Negeri Sembilan state selected by the convenience sampling method. After ethical clearance, International Physical Activity Questionnaire-short form in English was used to assess the physical activity level. The cardiorespiratory fitness was assessed by the Rockport one mile walk test and the other parameters were assessed following the standard protocols. The percentage of overweight (32.04%) and pre-hypertension (25.24%) were higher among students. 35.92% of students reported a low physical activity level and 46.6% having a lower fitness level (fair and poor). The physical activity level correlated with the cardiorespiratory fitness level (P<0.01). The body mass index (P<0.01) and systolic blood pressure (male P 0.05, female P<0.01) negatively correlated with the cardiorespiratory fitness level. Therefore, measures have to be taken to improve the physical activity level and cardiorespiratory fitness to lower the risk of overweight and high blood pressure among university students.

Keywords: Physical activity level, cardiorespiratory fitness, VO2 max, Body mass index, waist circumference, Waist to hip ratio, blood pressure, university students.

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Last Updated on Tuesday, 19 September 2017 10:40