Home 2017 - Volume 17 (2) ANTENATAL CARE (ANC) SERVICES UTILIZATION IN MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH (MCH) CLINICS OF KINABATANGAN (RURAL) AND SANDAKAN (URBAN) OF SABAH, MALAYSIA
ANTENATAL CARE (ANC) SERVICES UTILIZATION IN MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH (MCH) CLINICS OF KINABATANGAN (RURAL) AND SANDAKAN (URBAN) OF SABAH, MALAYSIA PDF Print E-mail
Wednesday, 14 June 2017 23:25

San San Win 1, Naing Oo Tha 2, Than Myint 2, Soe Aung 1, Johari bin Awang Besar 3, Zaiton Yayaha 4

1Reproductive Health Department, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University Malaysia Sabah,

2Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University Malaysia Sabah,

3District Health Officer, Kinabatangan, Sabah Health Department, Ministry of Health, Malaysia,

4Family Medicine Specialist, Primary Care Clinic, Sandakan.

Corresponding author: Dr. San San Win, Associate Professor and Head of Department, Reproductive Health Department, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University Malaysia Sabah, Jalan UMS, 88400, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia.

ABSTRACT

This paper investigates the antenatal care (ANC) services utilization in currently pregnant women during their visits to maternal and child health (MCH) clinics of rural (Kinabatangan) and urban (Sandakan), Sabah. A community clinic based, cross-sectional descriptive study was performed. In total, 800 currently pregnant women attending two MCH clinics, from April to September 2012, were participated using tested set questionnaires. Descriptive analysis was used for background characteristics and chi-square analysis was applied to identify the rural-urban differences among the variables.In both study areas, previous births delivered by skilled birth personnel were same. In pregnant women from rural, less income, more grand-multiparity, earlier antenatal care booking, more frequent post-natal care, more use of contraception compared to those in urban. In comparison, urban pregnant women had more anti-tetanus toxoid injection in their previous pregnancies, past history of antenatal care for at least four times, increase in household members. As this study found the differences in ANC services utilization at Rural and Urban, further study is needed to explore concrete reasons for above findings. By delivering services according to the needs of all clients, irrespective of their place of residence, it will improve ANC services utilization in both areas of Sabah and hence will improve more on existing health status of the Nation.

Keywords: Antenatal Care Services Utilization in MCH, Pregnant women, Rural, Urban, Sabah

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Last Updated on Wednesday, 14 June 2017 23:27