Home 2017 - Volume 17 (1) THE MEASUREMENT OF QUALITY OF LIFE AMONG POPULATION WITHIN THE CROWD: A CASE STUDY AMONG MALAYSIAN PILGRIMS IN MAKKAH
THE MEASUREMENT OF QUALITY OF LIFE AMONG POPULATION WITHIN THE CROWD: A CASE STUDY AMONG MALAYSIAN PILGRIMS IN MAKKAH PDF Print E-mail
Wednesday, 10 May 2017 12:26

Siti Fatimah MN1, Rosminah M2, Suhaimi AW3 and Omar O4

1,2 School of Health Science, Health Campus, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia.

3 School of Medical Science, Health Campus, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia.

4 Main Campus, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia

ABSTRACT

Hajj and ‘Umrah pilgrimage are a huge congregation performed by Muslims in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. The pilgrimage causes overcrowding and congestion that can lead to a high risk of health problems, especially when pilgrims have health problems. The purpose of this study is to assess the reliability of EQ-5D as a measuring tool to capture the health status of the pilgrims. Data collection was done during Ramadhan’s ‘Umrah in 2014. In this cross-sectional study, a total of 300 self-administered questionnaires attached with the EQ-5D-5L questions were distributed to Malaysian ‘Umrah pilgrims in Makkah and willing to participate in the study. The outcomes from the questionnaires and EQ-5D-5L were systematically analysed by using the SPSS software. The response rate was 64%, involved female (53%) and male (47%) respondents with the mean age of 55 years old. Hypertension (21.5%) and diabetes (16.2%) were the commonest underlying health problems suffered by the respondents in this study. Based on the EQ-5D outcomes, 53.3% of the respondents had no problem in their movement. However, the mean of EQ-VAS (visual analogue scale) presented 83 out of 100 scaling point, which means they might have problems in their health status. In addition, this study revealed, respondents with underlying illnesses had difficulty in some dimensions in EQ-5D. Hypertension was identified as the commonest underlying disease amongst the pilgrims. A contradicted outcome from the objective and subjective measuring scales of EQ-5D and EQ-VAS respectively; presented its sensitivity of EuroQol as a measuring tool for the quality of life among pilgrims living within such congestion.

Keywords: ‘Umrah, EuroQol, health status during ‘Umrah

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Last Updated on Wednesday, 10 May 2017 15:12