|ASSESSMENT OF ANXIETY AND DEPRESSION AMONG CAREGIVERS OF PATIENTS ADMITTED TO INTENSIVE CARE UNIT OF HOSPITAL UNIVERSITI SAINS MALAYSIA, MALAYSIA|
|Wednesday, 21 December 2016 22:26|
T. Kumaravadivel Dharmalingam1*, Mohammad Rahim Kamaluddin2, Dharishini Priya Nadarajan3, Humadevi Sivasamy4, Azizah Othman5
1Anesthesiology Department, School of Medical Sciences, Health Campus, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia.
2School of Psychology and Human Development, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia
3Accident and Emergency Department, Hospital Raja Perempuan Zainab II, 15586 Kota Bharu, Kelantan, Malaysia
4Department of Community Health, University Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre, University Kebangsaan Malaysia, 56000 Cheras, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
5Pediatric Department, School of Medical Sciences, Health Campus, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia.
Caregivers of ICU patients tend to experience a wide range of problems such as psychological distress and post-traumatic stress disorder. However, there are very few studies devoted to these psychological distress components among patients’ caregivers especially Asians, and Malaysians in particular. The present study is aimed to assess the anxiety and depression levels among patients’ caregivers in a Malaysian hospital setting. In addition, the correlations between anxiety, depression and age were established as well. Finally, the differences in anxiety and depression according to socio-demography variables were also confirmed in this study. A self-administered questionnaire which consists of socio-demographic variables and the Malay validated Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale; was distributed among 100 patients’ caregivers. The study was conducted in Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kelantan, Malaysia. Descriptive and inferential analyses were performed to achieve the aims of this study. Among the respondents, 29 respondents scored within the normal range of anxiety, 34.0% scored mild level, while 37.00% of the respondents were experiencing severe state of anxiety symptoms. In respect of depression subscale, 37.0% were within the normal range, 28.0% were at borderline abnormal and 35.0% scored higher and abnormal level of depression. The correlation analyses indicated a good positive correlation (r = 0.66, p < 0.001) between anxiety and depression subscales while a weak negative correlation was noted between anxiety and age (r = -0.22, p < 0.05). No significant correlation was noted between age and depression. Furthermore, the research findings indicated there were no significant mean differences in anxiety and depression levels across socio-demographic variations among the patients’ caregivers. The present study suggests the importance for early screening of anxiety and depression among ICU patients’ caregivers for the purpose of early detection and intervention efforts.
Keywords: Anxiety, caregivers, depression, Intensive care unit patients, psychometric screening
|Last Updated on Wednesday, 21 December 2016 22:28|
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