|DETERMINING THE SPECIFIC LEARNING NEEDS OF WOMEN WITH BREAST CANCER PRIOR TO DEVELOPING A BREAST CANCER EDUCATION PACKAGE|
|Friday, 16 December 2016 17:46|
Raja Lexshimi RG1, Siti Meriam2, Rohaizak M3, Subahan MM2, Nabishah M2
1Department of Nursing, UNIVERSITI KEBANGSAAN MALAYSIA MEDICAL CENTRE.
2Department of Medical Education, UNIVERSITI KEBANGSAAN M’SIA MEDICAL CENTRE.
3Department of Surgery, UNIVERSITI KEBANGSAAN M’SIA MEDICAL CENTRE
In Malaysia, breast cancer education materials are scarce and there is an urgent need to develop such materials to impart accurate and reliable breast cancer knowledge. Prior to developing education materials, it is important to determine specific learning needs of women on breast cancer using the Information Needs Questionnaire (INQ). This study was carried out for the above specific purpose whereby its findings would form the basis for developing breast cancer education materials. It was a descriptive cross-sectional study and 140 women at different trajectory of breast cancer, who sought treatment at Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre, participated. The specific learning needs of importance were determined by its mean score and the higher the mean, the more important was the particular learning needs item. Specific learning needs with mean scores of between 4.00 and 5.00 were deemed to be very important, scores between 3.00 to 4.00 important and scores less than 3.00 to be less important. Specific learning needs on ‘spread of breast cancer’ received high mean scores ranging between 4.61 to 4.20, followed by ‘breast cancer treatment and side-effects’ (4.70 to 3.85), ‘cure’ (4.72 to 3.66), ‘sexual attractiveness’ (4.46 to 3.45), ‘self-care’ (3.91 to 3.41) and ‘genetic risk’ (3.81 to 3.19). ‘impact on family and friends’ (3.39 to 3.16) and ‘social life’ (3.26 to 2.86) received a range of lower mean scores, denoting its least importance. Women had placed high importance on certain specific learning needs and less importance in others. Despite being identified as being of high importance or low importance, all the specific learning needs had been taken into consideration when developing the breast cancer education package as all the information were important in one way or another. Women also identified that the most preferred choice of receiving information was through a booklet (63.6%). Based on the study findings related to Information Needs Questionnaire and its specific learning needs and preferred method of receiving breast cancer information, a breast cancer education package comprising 17 booklets was developed.
Keywords: breast cancer, information needs, specific learning needs, preferred method of receiving information.
|Last Updated on Saturday, 17 December 2016 11:15|
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