Home 2016 - Volume 16 (3) PREVALENCE OF YOUNG ADULT HYPERTENSION IN MALAYSIA AND ITS ASSOCIATED FACTORS: FINDINGS FROM NATIONAL HEALTH AND MORBIDITY SURVEY 2011
PREVALENCE OF YOUNG ADULT HYPERTENSION IN MALAYSIA AND ITS ASSOCIATED FACTORS: FINDINGS FROM NATIONAL HEALTH AND MORBIDITY SURVEY 2011 PDF Print E-mail
Wednesday, 14 December 2016 22:00

Mohd Azahadi Omar1, Nining Irfanita Irfan2, Khoo Yi Yi1, Norliza Muksan3, Nur Liana Abdul Majid4, Muhammad Fadhli Mohd Yusoff4

1Centre for Burden of Disease Research, Institute for Public Health, Jalan Bangsar, 50590 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

2Bachelor of Biomedical Science, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Management and Science University, University Drive, Off Persiaran Olahraga, Section 13, 40100 Shah Alam, Selangor Darul Ehsan. Malaysia

3Klinik Kesihatan Rasa, 44200 Rasa, Hulu Selangor, Selangor, Malaysia.

4Centre for Non-Communicable Diseases Research, Institute for Public Health, Jalan Bangsar, 50590 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

ABSTRACT

Hypertension is a chronic medical condition and a global public health issue. According to Malaysia's National Health and Morbidity Survey (NHMS) 2006, the prevalence of hypertension among adults aged 18 years and above was 32.2% and had increased slightly in 2011 to 32.7%. However, not much study was done on the prevalence of young adult hypertension in Malaysia. Hence, the aim of this study was to determine this prevalence as well as its associated factors. Data was obtained from the NHMS 2011 study, which utilized a two stage stratified sampling design to conduct a nationwide household survey involving 28,650 individuals. Systolic and diastolic blood pressures, height, weight and blood glucose levels were measured. Binary logistic regression was used to investigate the relationship between prevalence of hypertension and its associated factors. The prevalence of young adult hypertension was 17.3%. After adjusting for other confounding variables, significant association were found in gender [aOR : 1.72 (95% CI : 1.52 - 1.96)], age [aOR : 1.08 (1.07 - 1.09)], ethnic groups (Other Bumiputera vs Malays [aOR : 1.55 (1.27 - 1.88)], obesity (aOR 4.43 95%CI 3.83 - 5.12) and diabetic status [aOR : 1.75 (95%CI 1.43 - 2.15)]. Early screening, detection and treatment of hypertension among the high risk young adults group is recommended to reduce the long-term risk of complications.

Keywords: Young Adult Hypertension, National Survey, Malaysia

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Last Updated on Wednesday, 14 December 2016 22:40